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Tattoo (French tatouer - to tattoo, from the English tattoo; the original source is Polynesian) - drawing on the body by injecting dyes under the skin. It is produced by pricking with a wooden, bone or metal needle, which is struck with a hammer (among the peoples of Oceania, Southeast Asia, Indians of North and South America), or by stitching the skin with a needle with a dyed thread, which is then removed (among the peoples of Northeast Asia).
The tattoo is associated with the ancient customs of testing endurance during the initiation of young men into adult men; served as a sign of magical protection from evil spirits. It is widespread among peoples with fair skin (among dark-skinned people, tattooing is replaced by scarring), especially in Polynesia, where it was performed by special masters, covering the whole body, even the tongue, with drawings. The custom of tattooing was introduced by sailors from Southeast Asia to Europe, where it is preserved as a remnant as a decoration or a memorial sign.
To remove the tattoo, surgery is mainly used, the method is excision of the corresponding areas of the skin, followed by suturing or skin grafting. It is also possible to destroy the tattoo with the help of a "light knife" - a focused laser beam, diathermocoagulation of pigmentation foci, using chemical substances (concentrated solutions of zinc chloride, tannin, trichloroacetic acid, etc.), causing tissue necrosis at the site of their application with the subsequent formation of a scar, or dermabrasion (grinding) of the skin with sandpaper, salt crystals, etc.
You can get a temporary tattoo. This is the most common tattoo myth. Temporary tattoos do not exist for months or years. And all the rumors about them are generated by tempu - tattoos made with permanent makeup paints. These paints contain chemically unstable pigments that fade over time. A small detail - they discolor, as a rule, unevenly, and the drawing simply fades and loses its shape. In addition, such "temporary" tattoos can be done only of a certain size: no more than 4 centimeters in diameter and with restrictions on some colors. Due to the individual characteristics of the skin, the pigment particles may not completely disintegrate, leaving unaesthetic spots on the tattoo site. In addition, it is almost impossible to inject paint evenly to a strictly defined depth, if a little higher it will disappear too quickly, if a little lower it will remain forever. Tattoo artists believe: if a person asks about a fickle tattoo, then he is not yet ready for a real modification of his body. A truly temporary tattoo can be called biotattoo or henna tattoo. The art of body painting with henna - mehndi - is quite widespread in the Middle East, India, Indonesia and North Africa. This is the most durable of all non-permanent body beautification methods. This pattern will stay on the skin for 2-3 weeks.
You can do biotattoo yourself using ordinary henna for hair dyeing. Henna is not suitable for hair, it is made from the lower leaves of lawsonia, which are ground quite roughly. For biotattoo with henna, it is necessary to use a powder prepared from the leaves of the upper branches of Lawsonia, since their coloring properties are much stronger.
Getting rid of a tattoo is easy. Among tattoo professionals, there is even a catch phrase "Getting rid of a tattoo is several times more expensive and longer than doing it." It is impossible to remove a tattoo without consequences for the skin. Not to mention the surgical cutting of subcutaneous drawings with inevitable scars in the future, even the use of a selective laser with its effect only on the pigment still leaves a scar on the skin, though not bright.
It is impossible to get rid of tattoos or tattooed items in green. It is worth remembering only that it will not be possible to get rid of the effect "so that everything is as before". But a modern method, such as a neodymium laser, can also get rid of colored tattoos. In particular, green dye under the skin is removed with a red neodymium laser. The tattooed elements of yellow and orange colors are much more difficult to remove.
Getting a tattoo can be hazardous to your health. The risk does exist, but only if the tattoo artist does not comply with health standards. Any self-respecting tattoo artist works with gloves and uses disposable needles and consumables.
The tattoo looks perfect within a couple of days after application. The healing process of the tattooed skin area takes on average 7 days. Therefore, within a week, the skin at the site of the tattoo will look reddened and inflamed.
You can get a tattoo that glow in the dark. This is possible with the help of a special paint that shines only in ultraviolet light. It is worth remembering, however, that the exact composition of the paint is usually a trade secret, and some pigments that glow in the dark can be toxic.
Some tattoo inks are life-threatening. This is not true, with proper application and compliance with sanitary standards, dyes do not pose a danger to life, but they can significantly spoil the mood. If your tattoo ink contains ethyl alcohol, listerine, and purified water, then don't worry. Glycerin and propylene glycol, while also safe, give the pigment special durability. But plastic-based pigments should be feared - in addition to the bright color on the skin, they can bestow the owner with serious skin irritation.
It's impossible to get a job with a tattoo. There is some truth to it. Some employers make such a requirement to their future subordinates, albeit with the proviso "on visible parts of the body." So, with piercings and tattoos on parts of the body that are not covered by clothing, you cannot become a flight attendant or flight attendant.
Tattoos on the back do not hurt. This is not true, a tattoo is a mechanical application of paint into the skin with a needle, so this process cannot be completely painless. But besides the fact that the perception of pain depends on the individual pain threshold, the place for tattooing is also of great importance. The hands, calves and buttocks are considered the least painless. There is also a direct dependence of pain on the proximity of the tattooed site to the bone.
Tattoos cannot be done during pregnancy. Only partly true. No one will insist so categorically, but doctors still recommend postponing this process until the body is fully restored, which during pregnancy already has to constantly cope with an unstable hormonal background. In addition, girls should not get tattoos on their belly, as the skin is very stretched during pregnancy and the pattern can be deformed.
The best anesthetic when dealing with a tattoo machine is alcohol. Quite a common myth. Tattooists strongly advise against using this method. Alcohol dilates blood vessels and increases pressure, which means that the blood during the drawing process will wash out the paint much faster, which can lead, firstly, to slower healing, and secondly, to a decrease in the brightness of the tattoo.
Over time, any tattoo fades and fades. There is some truth here, but in most cases, only if the drawing on the body was not made by a professional and using low quality materials. In addition, individual skin pigmentation is essential for maintaining the color of the tattoo. In any case, there is always an opportunity to correct the drawing.